Melasma is a common acquired pigmentation a place in the face of calm and class affect the beauty spots of skin disorders, facial appear brown or gray-black pigmentation patches, not above the skin, and more common on both sides of the dorsum symmetrical distribution characteristics. Because the shape of butterfly-shaped. Stain occurs mainly in the forehead, cheeks and nose and mouth around lesions state clearly, color is light brown or dark brown pigmentation more, shape, size is very inconsistent,
Melasma, also known as chloasma faciei, is a common skin problem that causes symmetric facial hyperpigmentation. Women are diagnosed more than men for melasma. The generally accepted female to male ratio of melasma is 9:1.
Melasma is common during pregnancy and is exacerbated by sun exposure, which is why sunscreen is often recommended as a preventative measure. The National Institutes of Health estimates that 50–70 percent of pregnant women will have melasma. Globally, melasma is responsible for a serious impact on patients’ appearance, causing psychosocial and emotional distress, and reducing quality of life.
A common treatment for melasma is hydroquinone, which works by lightning the skin when applied to the discolored skin patches. While effective, the downside is that long-term use of the medication can cause chronic skin complications (e.g., ochronosis).
Researchers (Cao et al.) used the following study design. A total of 85 patients received acupuncture or drug treatments in this study. Patients were randomly assigned to a drug control group and an acupuncture treatment group respectively, with 40 and 45 patients in each group. The acupuncture treatment group was comprised of 3 males and 42 females, with an average age of 35.4 (±1.3) years and a melasma medical history of 36.7 (±1.9) months.The control group had 7 males and 33 females, with an average age of 34.9 (±2.1) years, and a melasma medical history of 35.1 (±2.4) months.
The acupuncture treatment was administered daily, except during menstruation. Each treatment course consisted of 30 acupuncture treatments followed by a 7 day break before the next course began. All patients received 2 treatment courses in total.
Patients from the control group consumed 100 mg of vitamin C tablets, three times a day. In addition, patients received 3% hydroquinone for topical use, twice per day. The drug therapy lasted for a total of 60 days (2 treatment courses).
After two courses of care, the acupuncture treatment group achieved an efficacy rate of 82.22%. A total of 15 patients were cured, 25 showed significant improvements, and 8 patients remained unimproved. The control group achieved an efficacy rate of 62.50%. A total of 3 patients were cured, 22 showed significant improvements, and 15 remained unimproved. The efficacy rates show significant differences between these treatment methods.
The acupuncture treatment did not have any serious adverse effects. In addition, the total efficacy rate and the cure rate were higher in the acupuncture group than in the drug group. The results indicate that acupuncture is an important treatment option for patients with melasma.