Dark circles under the lower eyelids are common in men and women. Often accompanied by bags, dark circles can make you appear older than you are. To make matters worse, they can be difficult to get rid of. Though they can affect anyone, dark circles are most common in people who are:
- have a genetic predisposition to this condition (periorbital hyperpigmentation)
- from non-white ethnic groups (darker skin tones are more prone to hyperpigmentation around the eye area)
While fatigue may seem like the most logical explanation for this condition, there are a number of factors that can contribute to dark circles under the eyes. In most cases, they are no cause for concern and do not require medical attention
Oversleeping, extreme fatigue, or just staying up a few hours past your normal bedtime can cause dark circles to form under your eyes. Sleep deprivation can cause your skin to become dull and pale, allowing for dark tissues and blood vessels beneath your skin to show.
Lack of sleep can also cause fluid to build underneath your eyes, causing them to appear puffy. As a result, the dark circles you see may actually be shadows cast by your puffy eyelids.
Staring at your television or computer screen can cause significant strain on your eyes. This strain can cause blood vessels around your eyes to enlarge. As a result, the skin surrounding your eyes can darken.
Allergic reactions and eye dryness can trigger dark circles. When you have an allergic reaction, your body release histamines as a response to harmful bacteria. Other than causing uncomfortable symptoms — including itchiness, redness, and puffy eyes — histamines also cause your blood vessels to dilate and become more visible beneath your skin.
Dehydration is a common cause of dark circles under your eyes. When your body is not receiving the proper amount of water, the skin beneath your eyes begins to look dull and your eyes look sunken. This is due to their close proximity to the underlying bone.
Treatment for dark eye circles depends on the underlying cause. However, there are some home remedies that can help manage this condition. Some of the more common methods include:
- Apply a cold compress. A cold compress can help reduce swelling and shrink dilated blood vessels.
- Get extra sleep. Catching up on sleep can also help reduce the appearance of dark circles.
- Elevate your head with a few pillows to prevent fluid from pooling under your eyes which can make them look puffy and swollen.
In acupuncture, if any of your body organs are not functioning optimally, it obstructs the proper circulation of blood and oxygen, causing a build-up of energy that is unable to flow through your body. In the case of your eye bags and dark circles, these definitely may be caused by poor blood and oxygen circulation, causing nerves around your eyes to bulge and bodily fluids to leak and get stuck under and around your eyes.