Fatigue is the most common cause of dark circles under your eyes. Sometimes, what appear to be dark circles under your eyes may merely be shadows cast by puffy eyelids or hollows under your eyes that develop as a normal part of aging. Some of the most common causes of true under-eye circles are:
- Sometimes genetics may be to blame for the thin or fair skin under your eyes. Blood pools there, and you’re left with fragile capillaries that stretch and leak.
- Allergies can cause your body to release histamine, a chemical found in some of the body’s cells. And that can inflame blood vessels, causing swelling.
- This chronic skin condition causes patches of skin to become inflamed, dry and often intensely itchy and can affect the skin under your eyes.
- Scratching or rubbing your eyes. The skin under the eye is very sensitive, so the more you irritate it, the more it will react.
- Sun exposure. That causes your body to make more melanin, which is the pigment that gives skin its color. And when you expose your skin to the sun, you’re promoting the breakdown of collagen (the substance that holds the body together), which thins skin and makes veins more obvious.
- Pigmentation irregularities. These irregularities are common in people of color, especially Asians and African Americans.
- Your skin loses collagen and thins as you age, making veins more conspicuous.
- Contact dermatitis. Soaps, cosmetics, hair products, jewelry and other things can cause an itchy, red rash when they contact your skin.
Treatment of eyes dark circles
- Apply something cold. Wrap a bag of frozen peas in a soft cloth or apply a cold compress beneath the eyes. It will help decrease discolored and dilated blood vessels beneath your eyes.
- Sleep with extra pillows. Prevent puffiness that occurs when fluid pools in your lower eyelids by elevating your head with two or more pillows.
- Get plenty of sleep. Not getting enough sleep can make you look paler. And that can spotlight any circles you have.
- Take allergy medicine. If allergies are causing your under-eye circles, consider taking an over-the-counter or prescription oral antihistamine to control the histamine’s effects.
- Protect your skin and eyes from the sun. That means wearing sunscreen and sunglasses daily. These measures will help prevent the skin near your eyes from wrinkling and sagging, not to mention help prevent skin cancer.
- In acupuncture, if any of your body organs are not functioning optimally, it obstructs the proper circulation of blood and oxygen, causing a build-up of energy that is unable to flow through your body. In the case of your eye bags and dark circles, these definitely may be caused by poor blood and oxygen circulation, causing nerves around your eyes to bulge and bodily fluids to leak and get stuck under and around your eyes.